Under the U.S. Constitution, the President of the
United States is the head of state and the head of government of
the United States. As chief of the executive branch and head of
the federal government as a whole, the presidency is the highest
political office in the United States by influence and
recognition. The president is also the Commander-in-Chief of the
U.S. armed forces.
The president is indirectly elected to a
four-year term by an Electoral College (or by the House of
Representatives should the Electoral College fail to award an
absolute majority of votes to any person). Since the
ratification of the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States
Constitution in 1951, no person may be elected to the office of
the president more than twice. Upon death, resignation, or
removal from office of an incumbent president, the Vice
President assumes the office.
There have been forty-three people sworn into office, and
forty-four presidencies, due to the fact that Grover Cleveland
served two non-consecutive terms and is counted chronologically
as both the twenty-second and the twenty-fourth president.
Of the individuals elected as president, four died in office
of natural causes: William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor,
Warren G. Harding, and Franklin D. Roosevelt; one resigned:
Richard M. Nixon; and four were assassinated: Abraham Lincoln,
James A. Garfield, William McKinley, and John F. Kennedy.
The first president was George Washington, who was
inaugurated in 1789 after a unanimous Electoral College vote.
William Henry Harrison spent the shortest time in office at 31
days in 1841. At over twelve years, Franklin D. Roosevelt spent
the longest time in office, and is the only president to serve
more than two terms, but he died shortly into his fourth term in
1945. The current president is Barack Obama; he assumed the
office on January 20, 2009.
Here at The Genealogy Tree, we present
information about the US Presidents and make an effort to find
Howard surname ties. Should you know of a Howard link to one of
the US Presidents, please contact us.