Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey was courtier and poet.
In 1532 he accompanied Henry VIII to France, was knighted in 1541, and served in Scotland, France, and Flanders. On his return in 1546, he was condemned and beheaded on the charge of treasonably quartering the royal arms and advising his sister to become the king's mistress. He was then barely 30.
He is remembered for his graceful and polished love poetry, influenced by the Italian tradition, in which he pioneered the use of blank verse (in his translation of Virgil's Aeneid) and the Elizabethan sonnet form.
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