Sir Ebenezer Howard, founder of the garden city movement, emigrated to Nebraska in 1872, but returned to England in 1877 and became a parliamentary shorthand-writer.
His Tomorrow (1898) envisaged self-contained communities with both rural and urban amenities and green belts, and led to the formation in 1899 of the Garden City Association and to the laying out of Letchworth (1903) and Welwyn Garden City (1919) in Hertfordshire.
He was knighted in 1927.
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